1. Classification of Robots:

Nowadays, robots do a lot of different tasks in many fields and the number of jobs entrusted to robots is growing steadily. That’s why one of the best ways how to divide robots into types is a division by their applications, locomotion, and kinematics.

1.1. Types of Robots According to Applications:

1.1.1. Industrial Robots –

Industrial robots are robots used in an industrial manufacturing environment. Usually, these are articulated arms specifically developed for such applications as welding, material handling, painting, and others. If we judge purely by application this type could also include some automated guided vehicles and other robots.

1.1.2. Domestic or Household Robots –

Robots used at home. This type of robot includes many quite different devices such as robotic vacuum cleaners, robotic pool cleaners, sweepers, gutter cleaners, and other robots that can do different chores. Also, some surveillance and telepresence robots could be regarded as household robots if used in that environment.

1.1.3. Medical Robots –

Robots used in medicine and medical institutions. First and foremost – surgery robots. Also, some automated guided vehicles and maybe lifting aides.

1.1.4. Service Robots –

Robots that don’t fall into other types by usage. These could be different data gathering robots, robots made to show off technologies, robots used for research, etc.

1.1.5. Military Robots –

Robots used in the military. This type of robot includes bomb disposal robots, different transportation robots, reconnaissance drones. Often robots initially created for military purposes can be used in law enforcement, search and rescue, and other related fields.

1.1.6. Entertainment Robots –

These are robots used for entertainment. This is a very broad category. It starts with toy robots such as Robosapien or the running alarm clock and ends with real heavyweights such as articulated robot arms used as motion simulators.

1.1.7. Space Robots –

Robots used in space are a separate type. This type would include robots used on the International Space Station, Canadarm that was used in Shuttles, as well as Mars rovers and other robots used in space.

1.1.8. Hobby and competition Robots –

Robots that you create. Line followers, sumo-bots, ROV, MINESWEEPERS, robots made just for fun, and robots made for a competition.

1.2. Types of Robots According to Locomotion and Kinematics:

1.2.1. Manipulators –

1.2.2. Wheeled –

1.2.3. Tracked –

1.2.4. Legged –

1.2.5. Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicle –

1.2.6. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle –

1.2.7. Humanoid –

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